A two-level method for calculation of microstress on reinforced plates with circular hole in case of extension normal to principal direction

Abstract


The stress concentration must often be examined at two levels while analyzing the stress condition of composite materials. The macroconcentration depends on the presence of holes, notches and other local areas of a construction. Typical dimensions of macroconcentration distribution areas are of the order of 0,01-0,1 m. Macroconcentration analysis is performed using the models of homogeneous material. Microstress concentration occurs in structurally inhomogeneous composites due to the structural heterogeneity of the composite. The sizes of concentration areas in regular structures are defined by the sizes of periodically recurring areas. In fibrous composites, such areas have the size of approximately 0,0001 m or less. This makes it necessary to use a two-level approach for the analysis of the stress concentration in the construction of composite materials. The aim of the present study was to compute the stress concentration in unidirectional reinforced composite plate with circular hole with respect to the volume ratio of the component materials in composite. The contour of the circular hole and its dependency on the structure of plates was calculated in order to study the behaviors of macro- and microstresses. The boundary conditions at a large distance from the hole are pressure, uniformly distributed on the plate. Also this problem is analyzed with the finite element method by package ANSYS. Macroconcentration is defined based on the solution of the plane problem of elasticity theory of the orthotropic material by the virtue of functions of a complex variable. The finite element method was used to investigate the stress distribution at microlevel. Boundary conditions that model the state of the specified two-dimensional representative cell in the composite structure were established. The results demonstrated the macro- and microstresses and behavior of the orthotropic plate with a circular hole calculated for two different structures.

About the authors

S Darya zadeh

National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»

G I Lvov

National Technical University «Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute»

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